Making Fruitcake Always Makes Me Think of Grandma: Food and Memory in the Writings of L. M. Montgomery

Lay Summary 

Food emerges as an important communicative tool for women in both the fiction and non-fiction of L. M. Montgomery. It is at once self-referencing – telling them who they were and who they are – at the same time it underlies their relationships and interactions with others. In this paper the researcher reflects on Montgomery’s depictions of food preparation and consumption. In comparing her fictional use of food and food events with their complex meanings in the author’s own life as a minister’s wife, the researcher considers how Montgomery uses food to create a female landscape that, in its expression, is clearly identified with a particular class and region.

Paper presented at the Folklore Studies Association of Canada conference, 2004

The paper was later reworked and published as “‘Fruitcake Always Makes Me Think of Grandma’: Food and Memory in L. M. Montgomery’s Creation of Female Landscapes.” CREArTA. Journal of the Centre for Research and Education in the Arts 5: 112-24.

Prince Edward Island
Industry Sectors 
Heritage Institutions
Provincial and Territorial Public Administration
Start date 
1 Jan 2004