This research involves Indigenous Peoples. Canadian Literature (CanLit) has entered a phase of exciting change in terms of whose stories are told and valued. My research examines and compares the poetry of three contemporary women poets of different cultural backgrounds: Toronto-based Trinidadian-Canadian poet Dionne Brand, Newfoundland poet Mary Dalton, and Alberta Cree/Metis poet Marilyn Dumont. Each represents a voice from outside the established Canadian literary canon. I am interested in how these three poets use/subvert poetic form (for example, the riddle, the long poem, the epistle), and how they strategically employ (or avoid) specific idioms and vocabularies to create poetry that both participates in and challenges English literary tradition. My project advances the study of diverse voices in CanLit by assessing the work of acclaimed poets writing from different cultural and geographic margins. It is essential that literary studies catch up with CanLit's changing profile. My research is important to writers and literary theorists in Canada and beyond, especially to Canadian writers and critics whose careers are developing at a time of seismic cultural shifts. I anticipate that my research will deepen our cultural understanding of the vexed question, "What does it mean to be Canadian?" by identifying and delving into the many contradictions that surround Canada's multiple, multi-faceted identities. This research contributes to the field of literary studies, and especially of Canadian literary studies, postcolonial literary studies, and feminist literary criticism by identifying threads of similarity in the work of writers who have experienced the effects of colonialism in profound but different ways. In an era of national and colonial reckoning, my work contributes to the growing body of writing critiquing the effects of our notions of monolithic Canadianness. I offer a socially significant, intersectional reading of complex Canadian identities.
Adapted from https://cognit.ca/fr/project/213809