This study delves into the impact of these legislative changes by employing secondary data obtained from Statistics Canada. The central objective is to ascertain whether gun control measures have an impact on the rate of firearm-related suicides. Through a robust statistical approach involving the "difference in differences" method, the study evaluates the effects of Bill C-19 and Bill C-42 on firearm suicides. Due to their recency, the effects of Bill C-71 and Bill C-21 are not fully analyzed within this scope. Interestingly, the analysis reveals that the implemented legislations did not bring about significant increases in suicide rates, encompassing both firearm-related and other methods. Nevertheless, a subtle uptick in firearm-related suicides surfaces, especially when variables like divorce rates, unemployment trends, and gender disparities are factored in. The research underscores the complex nature of the phenomenon and suggests that firearm legislation alone may not be a comprehensive solution for lowering firearm suicide rates. Consequently, it advocates for a multi-pronged approach, involving educational initiatives, robust social welfare systems, and integrated healthcare strategies, in order to effectively address the intricate dynamics underlying suicide rates.
Read more: https://research.library.mun.ca/15943/