Transitioning Into and Out of Parental Leave: Recommendations for Three Stages of Support

Lay Summary 

The workforce demographic is changing in Canada and in Newfoundland and Labrador. The population is aging and entering retirement and positions are opening up in the workforce. Women make up almost half of the working population, but their position in the labour force remains inferior to men. Birth rates, nationally and provincially, have been declining for four decades. This study examines the transition stages into and out of parental leave from the perspective of a young woman who has not yet made the decision to have a child. The methodology includes a review of the relevant literature and statistics, consultations with experts in the field and semi-structured interviews with ten participants.

One ready solution to the changing demography and the shortage of labour is to examine the role of women in the labour force, and the corresponding public policy and workplace environments in which they operate. Such an examination leads to public policy and workplace initiative recommendations that aim to ensure a smoother transition into and out of parental leave for working parents. The changes suggested will allow working women to have children without suffering the same significant financial and work-related consequences as they currently do.

The full report can be downloaded from: [url]

The Leslie Harris Centre of Regional Policy and Development
INTRD Strategic Partnership, Harris Centre
St. John's
Newfoundland and Labrador
Human Resources
Social Issues
Labour Market
Women's Issues
Industry Sectors 
Public Administration
Start date 
1 Jan 2010