Moravian Education in Labrador: A Legacy of Literacy
Education and literacy, important cultural contributions and legacies of the old Moravian church in Bohemia and Moravia, took on great urgency as an instrument in promoting conversion and furthering missionary efforts worldwide. The liturgical and biblical nature of Moravian religious worship and piety required literacy. Educational activities among the Inuit of Labrador began in 1780 and were in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century more regular than the occasional and community-driven Charity Schools for European children on the island of Newfoundland. From the 1860s on, teaching involved also male and female Inuit teachers. There is considerable evidence of lay teaching by literate north-coast Inuit among the Inuit of Central Labrador. In addition to teaching reading. writing, arithmetic and other subjects, a Labrador Inuktitut (Inuttut) body of literature developed. Education and literacy also became key factors in the revival of 1804/5 that led to the indigenization of the Moravian faith among the Labrador Inuit. Published in: Symposium 2008: Post Confederation Education Reform: From Rhetoric to Reality. Gerald Galway and David Dibbon, editors. St. Johns, Faculty of Education, Memorial University, 2008 p. 227 236.
01 Jan 2008
Strategic Research Theme
Arctic and Northern Regions
Community and Regional Development