Nurse-Based Model of Care Effective for Chronic Kidney Disease

Lay Summary 

For patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease, a nurse-based model of care decreased costs while enhancing quality of life slightly. A randomized controlled trial of a nurse-coordinated model of care versus usual care in 474 patients with stage 3 and 4 chronic kidney disease in the community was recently reported in two papers in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. The trial was conducted in five centres across Canada (St. John’s, Halifax, Montreal, London and Vancouver). The findings were discussed in the accompanying editorial.

The major conclusions were that patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease identified through community laboratories largely had non-progressive kidney disease, probably not requiring follow-up by nephrologists, but had cardiovascular risk, requiring multiple risk factor intervention. Over a median period of 24 months the nurse-coordinated team had a similar impact on control of risk factors as usual care delivered by doctors, and in some instances provided more appropriate use of medications, such as renin angiotensin blockers and statins, in those with high lipid levels. In addition, the nurse-based model provided good value for money as it reduced costs while enhancing quality of life slightly.

The editorial concluded that if the intent of health systems is to address general issues of care co-ordination within a complex medical system, the economic findings of this trial may persuade adoption of nurse-based care, as outlined in this trial, for patients with chronic kidney disease.

More details can be obtained from Barrett BJ et al, CJASN, 6; 1241-1247,2011; Hopkins RB et al, CJASN,6: 1247-1257,2011; and Smith DH and Thorp ML, CJASN,6: 1229-1231,2011.

Departments 
Clinical Disciplines - Medicine
Funding 
Canadian Institute For Health Research
The Kidney Foundation Of Canada
The Heart And Stroke Foundation
The Canadian Diabetes Association
And By Unrestricted Grants From Amgen Canada, Ortho Biotech And Merck Frosst Canada
Communities 
St. John's
Locations 
British Columbia
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Québec
Newfoundland and Labrador
Canada
Themes 
Kidney Disease
Health Research
Quality of Life
Industry Sectors 
Scientific Research and Development Services
Health Care and Social Assistance
Start date 
1 Jan 2011