Childhood Overweight and Obesity
In the past twenty years, rates of obesity and being overweight have increased dramatically for Canadians.. Obesity is now the leading metabolic disorder among adults in Canada and is considered to be a leading cause of avoidable adult mortality. Obesity may be related to higher rates of physical disease, like osteoarthritis, as well as metabolic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Obesity is also associated with a higher incidence of psychological problems, decreased productivity, and lower educational and professional attainment. The shift in the body-weight profile of the Canadian population also applies to children. Rates of obesity and being overweight are increasing for youth in Newfoundland and Labrador and are, along with adult rates, the highest among the Canadian provinces. As with adults, children who are overweight and obese may have increased rates of physical and psychological co-morbidities and decreased educational attainment. Since being overweight tends to persist into adulthood, these trends forecast significant challenges to the population health and healthcare resources of Newfoundland and Labrador. Current research is demonstrating that the causes of being overweight and obesity are many, complex and inter-related. Obesity is influenced by factors that are genetic, behavioural, nutritional, social, cultural, economic, and environmental. An extensive research literature study was developed on population health strategies to prevent and treat child who are overweight.
30 Nov -0001
, Newfoundland and Labrador
Strategic Research Theme
Well-being, Health and Biomedical Discovery