Using the case study of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador, this project will investigate the economic impacts of nearby resource development on sustainable waste management by northern communities. The primary aim will be to understand and maximize benefits (for example, from increased landfill revenue) while remaining aware of costs. Analysis will be based on community-specific data and consultations with local experts, combined with broader expertise on northern and rural waste management. Project methods and results will be made generally applicable across the north, as much as possible, through extensive literature reviews and comparisons with other sites and communities. Specific results will also inform scientific research on leachate and greenhouse gases produced at the landfill.