In Newfoundland and Labrador, many peoples have historically harvested local wild and country foods and continue to do so today. For example, Aboriginal groups have a diet that traditionally contains a high percentage of animal protein that is hunted and fished locally from the land and in coastal areas. These traditional foods contain many nutrients that are important for human health. Harvesting and consuming wild foods is linked with medical, cultural and spiritual health that relates harvesting and consumption of traditional foods to identity, community, the past and the land. Therefore, these issues impact local food security but can be threatened by loss of access and knowledge.
Food First NL, a provincial organization working to improve access to healthy food across Newfoundland and Labrador, aims to increase food security throughout the province and improve access to wild food, as well as wild skills and knowledge. Food First NL and members of MUN’s Civic Laboratory for Environmental Action Research (CLEAR) lab, aimed to address this by compiling information about historical and current wild food patterns in the province including species, locations and timeline. We conducted a survey that brought together existing yet disparate data and grey literature on the consumption of wild foods in the province. This literature contains published works primarily obtained through the Memorial University library and email contacts. This database includes a public dataset of what people are eating and where currently and historically. Furthermore, we aimed to engage with the public by revealing the finds of this review primarily through the creation of a website. By engaging the public in this way, the information on this website includes information to help in access to information about the provincial wild and country foods.