Nineteenth-Century Expansion of the Newfoundland Fishery for Atlantic Cod: An Exploration of Underlying Causes
The literature explaining the expansion into the Labrador fishery has traditionally suggested that this expansion took place because it allowed the schooner fleet, which was only used during the spring seal hunt, to be used for more parts of the year as well as the fact that it provided a second income for people who participated in the inshore fishery. The present research argues that ecological factors may have played a bigger role in this expansion than previously thought. It is based on contemporary press accounts as well as data from the Newfoundland census between 1845 and 1911, and reveals that the Labrador fishery expanded as the catch rates in the inshore fishery declined. While the unused schooners may have contributed to the expansion, the decline of inshore fish was a more important factor and this was made worse by the increasing population and the use of more intensive methods of catching fish.
30 Nov -0001
Fishing, hunting and trapping
Social Sciences And Humanities Research Council Of Canada
Strategic Research Theme
Creative Arts, Culture and Heritage
Oceans, Fisheries and Aquaculture