The Role of Agriculture in Outport Self-Sufficiency
Gardens have traditionally been used by the people of the Bonavista Peninsula to supplement their incomes from the fishery. Fishery incomes were small and gardens were used for subsistence so that any income earned from fishing could be used for things people could not provide for themselves. Most policy makers in the 20th century have associated subsistence farming with rural poverty and backwardness. During the Great Depression the Newfoundland Government became more interested in subsistence farming because it was seen as one of the only ways that people’s low fishing incomes could be supplemented. This support reversed during the Smallwood years as the government began encouraging commercial farming, something in which the people of the Bonavista Peninsula could not participate. However, because the government did not also encourage other forms of employment, many people became totally dependent on the fishery and new social service supplements rather than subsistence farming. Despite the availability of income assistance from government and the lack of encouragement, some people are still making use of supplementary farming to support themselves.
30 Nov -0001
Fishing, hunting and trapping
Tri-Council Eco-Research Program, Memorial University
Strategic Research Theme
Environment, Energy and Natural Resources
Oceans, Fisheries and Aquaculture