Industrialization and Rural Development: Contrasting Labour Markets and Perceptions of the Future on the Bonavista Peninsula and Isthmus of Avalon, Newfoundland
This paper explores the impact of rural industrial development on the lives of neighboring people. It specifically looks at the way this development has influenced employment patterns for men and women, standards of living, migration plans, and other visions of the future. These issues are addressed by comparing two areas in Newfoundland with different economies: The Bonavista peninsula, which has traditionally been fishery-dependent and was hit hard by the cod fish moratorium, and the isthmus of Avalon, which is one of the few rural Newfoundland areas that has not traditionally been fish dependent and has a diversified economy. It is shown that the isthmus of Avalon has been better off in some respects, such as labour force participation and incomes for men, but that there was no obvious direct economic benefit to women and rough measures of household material possessions were very similar in both areas. It is argued that the gains on the isthmus were mainly due to the well-managed fish plant and a revitalized oil refinery rather than to the construction of a gravity-based oil platform. There were more similarities than differences in these two areas about people’s attitudes regarding where they lived, what they thought about the future, and their inclination to leave.
30 Nov -0001
Fishing, hunting and trapping Oil and gas extraction
Strategic Research Theme
Community and Regional Development
Oceans, Fisheries and Aquaculture