Investigating the selectivity and Efficiency of Different Conical Traps in the Newfoundland and Labrador Snow Crab (Chionectes opilio) Fishery

Lay Summary 

Snow crab is a vital sea product in Newfoundland and Labrador, and maintenance of healthy snow crab populations is essential for a successful long-term fishery. One challenge identified in the snow crab fishery is bycatch of undersized male crab. To approach this challenge, CSAR developed and tested three experimental crab pot designs, including escape mechanisms installed in traditional pots, a prototype wire-mesh crab pot, and an external smooth collar for mesh crab pots. This gear was tested both in a commercial environment in Conception Bay from AV Island Voyager and Memorial University's MV Mares, and observed underwater in Bonne Bay using several video camera systems.

The escape mechanisms proved most successful in this experiment for reducing bycatch of undersized male crab. Wire mesh traps showed promise for future commercial use, though female crab bycatch was more noticeable in wire traps than in mesh traps. The external smooth collar was the least successful of the three modifications.

Several commercial crab vessels have been testing the escape mechanisms in their pots under full commercial trials since 2005. The results of these trials are assessed annually and presented during the DFO Shellfish Regional Advisory Process (RAP).

Departments 
Centre for Sustainable Aquatic Resources
Funding 
Canadian Centre For Fisheries Innovation, Department Of Fisheries And Oceans, NL Department Of Fisheries And Aquaculture, Riverdale Mills Corp.
Communities 
Bonne Bay
Conception Bay
Locations 
Newfoundland and Labrador
Canada
Themes 
Crab Fishery
Harvesting technology
Industry Sectors 
Fishing, Hunting and Trapping
Start date 
1 Jan 2004
End date 
31 Dec 2006